I think you are having the same issue we are having. The Zoom Rooms client was crashing/quiting after 2 minutes of running, no error message, no log events in the Windows log. So I thought I'd update everything, OS, Zoom Rooms, etc. I could only upgrade Zoom Rooms to 5.9.4 but 5.10 is the latest version according to the release notes. So Zoom was still exiting after 2 minutes, after updating everything. So after reloading Zoom Rooms again a few times, the client quit, and finally started a Zoom Rooms update process, which completed. So the Room is now stable on 5.10. So Zoom Rooms is quiting, trying to update, and just stays closed when the update fails.
I tried so many changes to the Windows 10 computer so I can't be exactly sure of the solution, but you may have to go to at least Windows 10 version 20H2 for the Zoom update to work.